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Indigenous Women of the Northeastern Nations

    The twelfth section of the World’s Longest Native American Painting was created in 2022.  


  The Northeastern Regions include its origins in the Great Lakes Regions and ends on the Atlantic

  Coast. We will discover here some Tribes that few people have heard about but that have inhabited

                                                             these areas for centuries.


Description of the Indigenous Women from left to right.


* Pat Bellanger (1943-2015) : Ojibwe from White Earth Reservation MN, she was the co-founder

                                                   of the activist entity AIM. One of her accomplishment was to speak

                                                   at the United Nations in 1977.


* Ada Deer (1935 -2023) :  Member of the Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin, she was a Native

                                              American Advocate, scholar, and civil servant.  She served as Assistant

                                              Secretary of the Interior for Indian Affairs under President Bill Clinton.


* Faye Magnuson : From the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi in MI,  Faye is dedicated to passing on

                                              her heritage to her family.


* The Ottawa Tribe of Ohio :  Little known due to their history with the US Federal Governments

                                                treatment of the tribes across the State of Ohio.


* Glenna Wallace :  Chief Glenna Wallace illustrates the removal of the Eastern Shawnees of

                                  Ohio where resided their ancestors until 1832. They were then relocated to\

                                  Oklahoma during the Trail of Tears.


* Delaware Tribes Traditional Woman : This figure symbolizes the importance of the Delaware

                                  Tribe in Ohio, which has roots in the Eastern states throughout history.


* Lenape Nation of Pennsylvania : The Lenape (descendants of the Delaware) come from a long

                                  history of Leni Lenape culture spanning from the East toward several eastern



* Onondaga Nation : The Onondaga people of New York State are one of the original five

                                     constituted nations of the Iroquois Confederacy in northeastern United


* Oneida Nation :   From upstate New York, they are “the People of the Standing Stone” and are

                                 culturally connected to the Iroquois Confederacy.


* Seneca Nation :  The Seneca Nation of Indians is a federally recognized tribe found in New York.

                                The Seneca Tribe is one of Six Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy.


* Cayuga Nation : The Cayuga People played an important role in both the spiritual and

                                governmental functions of the Iroquois State (Haudenosaunee).


* Mohawk Nation : The Mohawk People are traditionnally the keepers of the Eastern Door and are

                                  part of the Iroquois Confederacy.


* Abenaki (Traditional Woman) :  The Abenaki of Vermont like many other nations evolved in

                                  northern Woodland Native America.


* Wabanaki (Traditional Woman) : The Abenaki People are related to the Wabanaki Confederacy

                                  which includes also the Passamaquoddy, Penobscot, Micmac, and Maliseet.


* Gladys Widdiss (Wampanoag) : Gladys Widdiss was a historian of her nation, an artist, and a

                                  leader.  She was from the Aquinnah Wampanoag of Gay Head from 1978 to


* Beth Roach (Nottoway Nation) :  Beth Roach is a vibrant woman of the Nottoway Tribal 

                                  Council of Virginia and participates in the Alliance of Seedkeepers (an

                                  organization that was formed to keep ancestral seeds) as well as a “water

                                  activist” working to keep track of Eastern waterways.


* Gabrielle Tayac (Piscataway Nation) : She is a curator at the NMAI in Washington, DC and a

                                 historian of her tribe. She  is a scholar and activist of the Chesapeake Bay

                                 Waters and has a vast knowledge of the importance of Native multiculturalism,

                                  identity and religion.


* Lumbee Nations (2 Traditional Women) : The Lumbee are one of the four main tribes of North

                                  Carolina and are identified as related to the Eastern Cherokee.

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