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Authentic Native American Art By Ojibwe Elder Artist Daniel Ramirez

                                     INDIGENOUS WOMEN OF THE NORTHEASTERN NATIONS


Pat Bellanger (1943-2015) was Ojibwe from Minnesota (White Earth Reservation) and was the co-founder of the activist entity AIM. One of her accomplishment was to speak at the United Nations in 1977.

Ada Deer (1935 -2023) was a member of the Menominee Indian Tribe of Wisconsin and was a Native American Advocate, scholar, and civil servant. She served as Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Indian Affairs under Bill Clinton’s administration.

Faye Magnuson reside in Michigan and is from the Pokagon Band of Potawatomi. Faye is dedicated to passing on her heritage to her family

The Ottawa Tribe of Ohio is little known due to their history with the US Federal Governments treatment of the tribes across Ohio

Glenna Wallace : I decided to incorporate Chief Glenna Wallace into my painting of the Northeastern Nations due to the removal of the Shawnee of Ohio where resided their ancestors until 1832.

Delaware Tribes Traditional Woman : This figure symbolizes the importance of the Delaware Tribe in Ohio, which has roots in the Eastern states throughout history

Lenape Nation of Pennsylvania : The Lenape (descendants of the Delaware) come from a long history of Leni Lenape culture spanning from the East toward several eastern states

Onondaga Nation : The Onondaga people are one of the original five constituted nations of the Iroquois Confederacy in northeastern North America

Oneida Nation: The Oneida People are “the People of the Standing Stone” and are culturally connected to the Iroquois Confederacy living in both Wisconsin and New York

Seneca Nation : The Seneca Nation of Indians is a federally recognized tribe found in New York. The Seneca are the largest of six Native American nations- Mohawk, Onondaga, Oneida, Cayuga, Seneca, Tuscarora, all comprising the Haudenosaunee or Six Nations of the Iroquois Confederacy.

Cayuga Nation: The Cayuga People played an important role in both the spiritual and governmental functions of the Iroquois State (Haudenosaunee).

Mohawk Nation: The Mohawk People are traditionnally the keepers of the Eastern Door and are part of the Iroquois Confederacy.

Abenaki (Traditional Woman) : The Abenaki of Vermont like many other nations evolved in northern Woodland Native America. The traditional Abenaki dress celebrates its historical roots, a hooded covering over the head is sometimes connected to the individuals blouse or is a one piece coat-like garment.

Wabanaki (Traditional Woman) : The Abenaki People are related to the Wabanaki Confederacy which includes also the Passamaquoddy, Penobscot, Micmac, and Maliseet. Many of the Eastern Algonquian Nations were semi-nomadic and lived off the lands and waters. Algonquian Nations were followers of the Midewiwin beliefs.

Gladys Widdiss (Wampanoag) : Gladys Widdiss was a historian of her nation, an artist, and a leader. She was from the Aquinnah Wampanoag of Gay Head from 1978 to 1987. The Native people of her part of the Eastern Nations have had a long battle for sovereignty, the Wampanoag included.

Beth Roach (Nottoway Nation) : Beth Roach is a vibrant woman of the Nottoway Tribal council and participates in the Alliance of Seedkeepers (an organization that was formed to keep ancestral seeds) as well as a “water activist” working to keep track of Eastern waterways (as of 2023 her title is Clean Water Director).

  • Tayac (Piscataway Nation) : Tayac is a curator at the NMAI in Washington, DC, and a historian of her tribe. She  is a scholar and activist of the Chesapeake Bay Waters and has a vast knowledge of the importance of Native multiculturalism, identity and religion. As a Native American graduate from Harvard and she is a great example of the importance of education to all our Native communities.
  • Lumbee Nations (Traditional Woman): The Lumbee are one of the four main tribes of North Carolina in fact they are the largest tribe of the state. They are identified as related to the Eastern Cherokee. They are state recognized and have been battling Congress for recognition for a very long time.

Indigenous Women of the Northastern Nations

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